Pilocarpine is used for:
Treating dry mouth associated with radiation treatment for cancer or Sjogren syndrome. Pilocarpine may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Pilocarpine is a cholinergic agent. Pilocarpine works by increasing the secretion of saliva from the salivary glands, which helps to relieve dry mouth.
Do NOT use Pilocarpine if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in Pilocarpine
- you have glaucoma, a severe eye infection, eye inflammation, or uncontrolled asthma
Before using Pilocarpine :
Some medical conditions may interact with Pilocarpine . Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have a detached retina or an eye infection
- if you have heart disease, asthma, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, kidney or liver disease, gallstones, or gall bladder problems
- if you have a psychiatric disorder
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Pilocarpine . Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Parasympathomimetic agents (eg, bethanecol) because they may increase the risk of Pilocarpine 's side effects
- Beta-blockers (eg atenolol) because the risk of heart-related side effects may be increased
- Anticholinergic agents (eg, atropine, ipratropium) because their effectiveness may be decreased by Pilocarpine
How to use Pilocarpine :
Use Pilocarpine as directed by your doctor. Check the label on Pilocarpine for exact dosing instructions.
- Take Pilocarpine by mouth with or without food.
- Drinking extra fluids while you are taking Pilocarpine is recommended. Check with your doctor for instructions.
- If you miss a dose of Pilocarpine , take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Important safety information:
- Pilocarpine may cause blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Pilocarpine with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- It may take 12 weeks for Pilocarpine to work.
- Pilocarpine should not be used in CHILDREN; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Pilocarpine while you are pregnant. It is not known if Pilocarpine is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Pilocarpine .
Possible side effects of Pilocarpine :
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Chills; dizziness; flushing; frequent urination; nausea; runny nose; sweating; vision changes (eg, blurred vision); weakness.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); abdominal pain; breathing problems; change in heart rate; confusion; excessive sweating; excessive tears; headache; shaking; vomiting.